Home

   Firsts

   TimeLine

   Routes

Everest 1924-2004

   Introduction

   Dispatches 2004
  
Q&A

   Articles

   Clues

   Who's Who 1924

   Theories

   Books & More

   Sponsors

   Archive

   About us

Summits by Year

     1950's

     1960's

     1970's

     1980-85

     1986

     1987

     1988

     1989

     1990

     1991

     1992

     1993

     1994

     1995

     1996

EverestNews.com
   Today's News
   8000 Meters Facts
  
Banners Ads
   Bookstore
  
Contact
   E-mail (Free)
  
Educational
  
Expeditions
  
Games
  
Gear
  
History
  
Mailing List

   News (current)
   Speakers
   Readers Guide
   Risks
   Visitor Agreement

 

8000 Meter Peaks

Everest
K2
Kangchenjunga
Lhotse
Makalu
Cho Oyu
Dhaulagiri
Manaslu
Nanga Parbat
Annapurna
Gasherbrum
Broad Peak
Shishapangma
Pakistan

Seven Summits

Everest
Aconcagua
Denali
Kilimanjaro
Elbrus
Vinson Massif
Carstensz Pyramid
Mount Kosciusko

EverestHistory.com: 1963


1963 was an American year on Everest. Unlike the present day, which might see multiple expeditions from different countries and a thousand climbers on the slopes of Everest during the climbing season, 1963 saw one, an American expedition.

The American Mount Everest Expedition was sponsored by the National Geographic Society and led by Swiss-born climber Norman G. Dyhrenfurth. Dyhrenfurth himself had been a member on a Swiss attempt at the summit in 1952. Though that expedition would stop short of the summit, the experience would drive Dyhrenfurth forward leading him to spend the early 60’s raising funds for the massive American assault on the peak.

The expedition would eventually cost 400,000 dollars and include 19 Americans, 37 Sherpas, and 907 porters. Following a 187 mile trek to base camp in early 1963, Jim Whittaker, along with Sherpa Nawang Gombu, would summit on May 1 becoming the first American to stand atop the world. Americans Barry Bishop and Lute Jerstad followed three weeks later along the same South Col. route pioneered by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953.

Americans Will Unsoeld and Tom Hornbein were performing the first ascent along the previously unclimbed West Ridge at the same time. The four men met up on the South face after Unsoeld and Hornbein performed the first traverse of the peak.  Deadly tragedy nearly struck as the four men were forced by darkness to bivouac at 28,000 feet without shelter. Though the bone-chilling night on the slopes of Everest would cause serious frostbite all four men would live to see the sunrise. They were able to continue their descent, eventually being carried by Sherpas to a point where they could be removed by helicopter.

Although the four men bivouacked on Everest that night would escape alive, not everyone on the expedition was so fortunate. John “Jake” Breitenbach was crushed by a falling ice wall while climbing the treacherous Khumbu Icefall on March 23. It would continue to be a hazardous passage claiming 17 climbers over the next 38 years.

The successful summit of Everest would bring fame to the American climbers. They were presented with the National Geographic Society’s greatest honor the Hubbard Medal. John F. Kennedy presented the award in the White House Rose Garden in July 1963.

Altitech2: Digital Altimeter, Barometer, Compass and Thermometer. Time/Date/Alarms. Chronograph with 24 hour working range. Timer with stop, repeat and up function. Rotating Bezel. Leveling bubble. Carabiner latch. E.L. 3 second backlight. Water resistant. 4" x 2-1/4" x 3/4" 2 oz. Requires 1 CR2032 battery. See more here.






  Altitude pre-
  
acclimatization

   Ascenders

   Atlas snowshoes

   Black Diamond

   Botas

   Brunton

   Carabiners

   CaVa Climbing Shoes
   Clearance

   CMI

   Crampons

   Edelweiss ropes
  
Eureka Tents

   Featured

   Garmin

   Granite Gear

   Harnesses
   Headlamps
   Helmets

   HighGear
   Ice Axes

   Kavu Eyewear

   Katadyn

   Kong

   Lekisport

   Motorola

   Nalgene

   New England Ropes

   Nikwax

   Omega

   Outdoor Designs

   Pelican

   Princeton Tec

   Prescription Glacier

   Glasses

   Primus

   Rope Bags
  
Sleeping Bags

   Stubai

   Suunto

   Tents

   Trekking Poles
   Ushba
  
and more here

 

 

  



Send email to  •   Copyright© 1998-2003 EverestNews.com
All rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.
Disclaimer, Privacy Policy, Visitor Agreement, Legal Notes: Read it.